Nature vs. nurture is considered as one of the most debatable topic in the world of psychology. Therefore, before proceeding to the essay outline, you should familiarize yourself with understanding of nature vs. nurture. So, let us just discuss nature vs. nurture deeply.
Understanding Nature vs. Nurture
Nature is all about those characteristics that are inherited from genes or from your parents. Nature contributes to the personality through genetics such as:
- Brain activation
- Nature and behaviour
Nurture is about those characteristics which develops from experiences and environment. Nurture contributes to the personality through influences such as:
- Parental relationships
- Environment and culture
Nature vs. Nurture Debate
Nature vs. Nurture is a debate about whether behaviour, personality and human culture caused by nature or nurture. In this debate nature id defined as the genetic and hormone based behaviour, while nurture is defined as the experience and environment.
History of the Nature vs. Nurture Debate
This debate is mainly about the effect of the genes on human personalities. In the 1960s, the people influence theory of behaviourism. The founder of behaviourism was John Watson. It claimed that human behaviours are acquired through conditioning. His experiment was successful in the beginning but failure at the end. Because he ignored the important genetic factors, his ideas got criticised.
Factors affecting mental health of nature
Nature is the important factor in the development of health problems. For example- depression, bipolar etc.
We cannot denied the important genetic factors.
The development of mental illness is not entirely genetic.
For e.g. In the case of identical twin, if one develops the condition than there will be 50% chance of developing the same condition in the other twin.
Factors affecting mental health of nurture
There are certain genetic factors which may create problem for particular illness.
The condition will not develop with less severity. In addition, the habits of parents, friends contribute to the development of an addiction.
Nature vs Nurture in children
The influences of nature vs nurture in children are:
In Terms of Personality
- Influence of the parents– The habits of a child and that of a parent is similar in many ways. The child usually follows his parent’s habits. They should spend quality time with their children’s. This suggests that the bonding between the parent and a child is not from the birth. But the parents interact with their children by birth. It is clear that parents must make sure that they create secure environment.
- An effect of nature-As we all know that personality development is a lifelong process. Nature use the genetic coding to help in the development and it impart some positive and the negative traits to an individual. The children develop their personality or bent towards certain behaviour which parents doesn’t indicate. In such situation, nature is at play in developing child’s personality.
In terms of Intelligence
- Nature– The individual’s ability to achieve greatness indicates the reason of being successful because of their parent’s intelligence. As a result the development in the early skills shows that child was “born smart”. In this psychologists are mainly involving in two areas. Firstly, it includes the intelligence of an individual. Secondly, other use to develop and refine the existing intelligence assessments.
- Nurture– It includes the child’s educational background and how his parents have raised him. The credit of the child’s success goes to the school system.
Applications of nature and nurture
Drug therapies treat the behavioural and psychological problems. It can also use to treat the depression.
You can adopt your environment influences, if your behaviour is liable and optimistic. For e.g. if you want to help others then you should have a positive attitude towards life.
Nature and Nurture characteristics
An individual tends to change the responses in other people. The characteristics are:
- Temperament– It is the way a young child acts and responds to different situations. They refer to the behavioural changes which do not occur due to parenting or caregiving. With a little understanding, parents can avoid frustration in their children and themselves.
- Natural Differences– Every child is different from each other. So, it’s also obvious that their adaption habits also differ. Some finish their task early as compared to others. As a parent, you must ensure that they are handling it with care and quality.
- Nurturing Success– The important points for the caregivers are
Firstly, you can’t change the temperamental traits.
Secondly, you should be prepared to deal difficult aspects of your child’s behaviour. Either you create the conflict or help them to have positive emotional and social behaviours.
Gender Differences: Nature vs. Nurture
Reaction of the people differs from boys and girls. This happens due to the expectation of masculine and feminine characteristics. Gender differences is an ongoing debate and the main reasons behind this is the social and biological differences.
The evolutionary psychology refers to the differences between the gender and sexuality because of evolution. This results in the strategies of differentiating between the men and women for success. This theory helps in obtaining the reproductive skills and the generational success of the genes passed on from the one generation to the other.
Factors of genes and gender
Genes plays an important role in differentiating the physical looks of males and females. However genes and chromosomes contains the differences that can lead to the physical features that can appear abnormal. Genes depicts the correlation between the individual’s genders.
Cognitive Social Learning Theory
In this theory the people learn from one another through observing, modelling etc. It also creates the bridge between the cognitive and behaviourist theories. People do not learn the new behaviour individually, they learn through the success or failure. Albert Bandura’s stated this theory. He explains that how the children’s learn in social environments by observing the behaviours of others. He observed that the adults are acting aggressively. They got the punishment after acting like this. He notices that children’s are not imitating the aggressive behaviour as compared to the adults.
Nature vs. Nurture case studies
Francis Galton was the first person who did this study. This study reveals that genes play important role in the development of certain personality characteristics. In this, 80% of identical twins feel closer to each other as compared to their friends.
To evaluate genetic and environmental influences you design Adoption study. This study provide some challenges related to the adoption. It has increased the privacy laws and concerns related to the biological parents. Recent changes in adoption study has occurred by combining the techniques and data of adoptees.
Nature and Nurture in psychology
The nature vs. nurture debate is oldest issue in psychology. The branches of psychology often take one approach from the other approach. Biology and environment both play an important role in the scientific world. Even today, research in psychology often tends to emphasize an individual influence over the other. The influences include the genetic factors that interact with each other.
NATURE VS. NURTURE CONTROVERSY
Nature vs. nurture controversy is an old debate among philosophers, theories of consciousness result in the creation of human personality. There are four humours of Hippocrates personalities:
They are the type of people who gets angry and lose their temper quickly. They cannot direct their anger in the right decisions. Stress reduces a person’s tolerance and makes easier for him to lose his temper. They become insecure and thinks that everyone is making fun of them.
They believe in themselves and their abilities. They visualize themselves in the best role and seek the positive attitude towards life. Confident people are unique and special in many ways. They accept the praise, compliments gracefully.
The reactions and the thoughts of moody person does not remains the same. It just depend upon their moods. They give more priority to their feelings rather than others.
They are born leader, dynamic and active; independent and self-sufficient; seek the practical solutions to problems; and move quickly to action.
Similarly, the philosopher Jean Jacques Rousseau theorised that people were born essentially good. Over the years, research done on this controversy and at the end everyone agrees that both nature and nurture play important role in human development.
Genes and behaviour
The genes are unable to assess the roles played by genetic factor in an individual’s behaviour. Scientists are able to develop the screening test and then diagnose the children shortly after birth. From the genetic point of view, physical traits such as color of a person’s hair haver higher heritable traits than behaviour.
MAJOR PARTS OF NATURE AND NURTURE
The parts of nature and nurture are:
GENES AND SUCCESS
People are born with talent, which results in the specialisation at an early stage. There are clear and measurable differences between people and their achievement. It is important because it relates to success and achievement.
We are not born pretty, not psychologically or intellectually. With the help of right guidance and luck you can improve skills.
Children’s belong to the middle class and wealthy homes, or having good genes is important in determining the future success. Genes plays an important role in the future success of each child.
They think themselves superior from others. Psychopathy may include the early life factors, genetics and the signs of psychopath. They are good at manipulating others. They do not show any emotions or sympathy for others.
Causes of psychopathy:
- -Abuse by the parents
- -lack of parents involvement or separation from a parent
- -Child physical abuse
The terms sociopath refers to someone who learns the immoral behaviour from the environment rather than from their nature. Therefore, a sociopath will understand that something is sad or tragic and will acknowledge that there are certain standards which people will label according to them. They obtain all the information and the reactions of the people around them.
Differences between nature and nurture
Nature is inherited skills, whereas nurture refers to the personal skills.
It completely depends upon the heredity whereas nurture does not depend upon the heredity.
Nature includes the genes which are determined by physical factors and personality traits. On the other hand, nurture refers to your childhood or the way you grown up.
It includes the biological and family factors whereas the nurture includes the social and environment factors.
In nature, behaviour is the result of genetic, inherited structure whereas in nurture, behaviour is the result of learning from the outside peers and religion.
Nature is also known as innate behaviour whereas nurture means learned behaviour.
We have just discussed the explanation part of nature vs. nurture. So, now you will discuss the nature vs. nurture essay.
Nature vs. Nurture essay structure
The structure of nature vs. nurture essay will be:
Paragraph 1- Introduction
Paragraph 2- Body 1
Paragraph 3- Body 2
Paragraph 4- Body 3
Paragraph 5- Conclusion
Tips to write nature vs. nurture essay easily
- Your main idea should be that your essay must contain the proper explanation of nature vs. nurture.
- The content should be easily understandable.
Topic should match with your main idea
Use only single sentence
Explain topic sentence clearly, so that your audience will understand it.
It should also contains the nature vs. nurture essay sample
Aims of Nature vs. Nurture Essay
To be able to describe at least one study which supports the both nature and nurture.
The essay should be easily identify the applications and problems which relates to the topic.
The essay should evaluate the topic
Nature vs. nurture essay should be able to understand the meaning of nature and nurture and the ways to identify the assumptions.
Try to explain each point with examples for the better understanding
Maintain a flow in the whole essay
Outline of nature vs. nurture essay
The outlines of nature vs. nurture essay are:
Firstly, give a brief description of nature vs. nurture definitions and their importance.
Secondly, illustrate all the relevant studies which are part of nature and nurture.
Thirdly, compare and contrast the impact on the case studies in regards to nature and nurture.
When your English language professor requires to write an essay, how do you begin your writing? Do you use any good hooks in the introductory paragraphs to grab readers' attention? Probably, you have discovered a secret, unique great hook which helps your paper stand out from other works. Different types of essay hooks exist. High school and college students along with creative writers use them to grab their readers' attention.
WHAT DO WE DEFINE AN ESSAY HOOK?
Before you learn how to write a good hook, you must learn what it is. A hook is an interesting and catchy sentence from the introduction of your high school or college essay which motivates people to read your work. Although it is a rather small element, a perfect hook is both informative and engaging. It has a deep meaning and helps a writer introduce his or her main idea.
GET HELP WITH YOUR ESSAY HOOK FROM US
TIPS ON FINDING THE BEST HOOK
We decided to analyze some examples of essay openings to provide you with an idea of how effective hooks look like. First, we would like to discuss a number of important ideas you should keep in mind before you write a hook.
A common mistake is that students give a great starter...and forget that it's a part of a paper. Don't jump to discussing your paper topic without demonstrating a clear bonding between the opening lines and the rest of the paper. Words are powerful; yet, if they aren't related to your work, they can't support your argument.
Tone and style of your work mean everything. If you are working on a research paper in physics to offer it to a scientific journal, it is better not to start with a personal childhood story. The hook should be strong and appropriate. Yet, if you are writing for a magazine which is less official, then the childhood story will sound quite natural. Evaluate the situation first!
Consider your target audience. Obviously, you shouldn't write an essay for professionals in biology using teenage language. They understand the text, but they are unlikely to get the purpose of your writing.
These strategies to developing good hooks are the key because every author's main purpose is to make readers understand his or her opinion and enjoy the overall reading.
HOOKS TO USE IN ESSAYS
Mind where the good hooks come from. You might want to type in a curious fact on the topic which is unknown to most of the people. Find different facts in various sources such as:
- Textbooks and books
- Academic and scientific journals
- Official published reports
- Documentaries and films
Remember that the more recent and credible source you use, the more trustworthy your essay's hook sounds.
To help you better understand how hook sentences function in writing, we are going to discuss several really nice articles written by professional writers and journalists. We look only at the intros of our examples and describe the kind of hooks found in each one.
KEEP THEM READING BY STARTING WITH AN INTERESTING FACT
The first good example of high knowledge is the quote taken as a hook from the credible online resources that publish up-to-date information on the most critical and discussed topics within society. People find it intriguing that:
"Over 36% of mobile subscribers use iPhones or iPads to read email, and 34% of subscribers only use mobile devices to read emails."(Informz)
Such statistics help perspective business people to launch their own mobile solutions in the upcoming year. Not all teachers and professors support the active usage of internet/digital resources, so you must specify whether such way to introduce your hook and the first paragraph is OK. Then, you move to the discussion on why mobile applications are perspective products/business ideas.
"There are two distinct traditions in the literature regarding the proper analysis of predicate noun and adjective constructions..."
(John Bowers, The Syntax of Predication)
In the given example we have an official, scientific paper which cannot be humorous or start with a creative trope. On the contrary, this intro is rather straightforward. And, nevertheless, it contains a nice hook - a conflict. 'Two distinct traditions' means that we will see how the author either supports one of them or introduces the third solution to the existing problem. Presenting conflicting ideas is always an excellent way to start.
ANECDOTE OR A JOKE WOULD BE HELPFUL
ESL/EFL classroom offers many anecdotes on various subjects to help students cover any topic with a share of humor. The examples of essay hooks below catch an eye of the reader by making him laugh.
"A family of mice were surprised by a big cat. Father Mouse jumped and said, "Bow-wow!" The cat ran away. "What was that, Father?" asked Baby Mouse. "Well, son, that's why it's important to learn a second language."
Isn't it a great idea to start your paper on the importance of learning a secondary language? Mind that each country has its specific humor and forbidden jokes. Choose the hook sentences wisely!
POSING QUESTIONS IN THE BEGINNING
You may play with facts and statistics to combine them into the question. You may use rhetorical question too. It is a great way to start your writing and give an overall picture of what you'll be talking about. Make sure to provide an answer throughout your text or at the end.
"Have you ever thought how many people die of pneumonia every day in the United States?"
CATCH EXCELLENT ESSAY HOOK FROM EXPERT WRITER
HOW TO WRITE A HOOK OF THE MIXED TYPE
Here we go with the mixed example:
"As children's culture arose in the 1740s, the juvenile market was suddenly awash in age-appropriate clothing, toys, and reading material..."
(Megan A. Norcia, Puzzling Empire: Early Puzzles and Dissected Maps as Imperial Heuristics)
This beginning is a good example of how a fact can be used in an intro. Readers tend to pay attention to those works which provide them with new information, and starting with a date and an interesting fact is a brilliant hooking idea.
"Why some people choke and others panic."
(Malcolm Gladwell, The Art of Failure)
We definitely love this intro. Short, clear, and very powerful. Although there is no question mark at the end, the intro above belongs to the category of 'posing a question.' We mean that the author opened the essay with a statement which promises the answer if we keep reading. We know the article is on the failure and the ways people react to it. The rhetorical question-like intro is truly hooking because the majority of readers will want to know why some people choke and other people panic.
A fact or question works well with the analysis paper. Find out how to write an analysis essay which deserves A+.
A LITERARY QUOTE AS THE WAY TO EXPRESS YOURSELF
Another great essay hook might be an original philosophical or social phrase to grab the attention. Think of any sentence or paragraph which can force your readers to think. Try to help arise necessary questions and social problems by your speech.
"Life changes fast.
Life changes in the instant.
You sit down to dinner and life as you know it ends.
The question of self-pity."
(Joan Didion, After Life)
If the style of writing allows you to be creative, look for an unusual, original way to express the main theme of your paper with the help of such good hooks for essays. Here, Joan Didion starts with her own poem which 'tunes' readers and let them know in advance what the whole text is about.
Mind the way you format quotes depends on different academic writing styles.
SET A SCENE
Try to memorize an example of a very brief story from famous people to capture the attention of your reader. Such essay's hook points to the importance of the topic or question with the help of a real-life example. The best examples include recalling the story of Helen Keller who managed to write beautiful books being blinded from her birth. You may use a story of some celebrity like Bon Jovi to stress the importance of helping disabled people financially and morally by attending them in the hospitals. When you write an essay, you are not supposed to recall only examples from your life. You are encouraged to share stories of people who figure as your role models. They don't have to be very famous, but their stories should serve as the perfect essay hook related to your chosen topic.
"After smiling brilliantly for nearly four decades, I now find myself trying to quit. Or, at the very least, seeking to lower a wattage a bit."
(Amy Cunnigham, Why Women Smile)
Reader deals with a perfect personal story. Readers want to know more about each story's main character because they try to find new emotions and new knowledge. Do you know why she has no intention to smile anymore? Is it hooking enough? We think so. Such beginnings are always attention grabbing and exciting.
In case you write an essay on such trait as jealousy, you may quote a well-known book by Shakespeare, "Othello," which is primarily focused on the problems caused by this feeling. Show how Othello is afraid of losing Desdemona, his wife, because of the color of his skin, religion, and other stereotypes.
I crave fit disposition for my wife.
Due reference of place and exhibition
With such accommodation and besort
As levels with her breeding"(Act1.Scene 3)
In Act 2, Scene 1, we discover more about the topic of jealousy from the character of Iago who has an evil mind due to his friend's Othello's success.
QUOTES FROM FAMOUS PEOPLE
Actually, many of the essay hook examples quoted above can be put into this category. However, there are phrases well-known by the entire world. Once something critical happens, famous people always have their point of view. They share it with the society via mass media. It is your chance to find another great essay hook. The first example appears below:
"The problem with environmentalists, Lynn Margulis used to say, is that they think conservation has something to do with biological reality."
(Charles C. Mann, State of the Species)
Another clever way to hook people is to use quotes from famous people. With a quote, your writing makes a certain statement and helps you establish your authority as a writer. You demonstrate your connection with the community and show great interest in the field history and respect towards people who have made a large contribution to its development.
GOOD HOOKS FOR ESSAYS IN THE SHAPE OF SIMILE OR METAPHOR
You should practice using metaphors and similes as the way to start your essay with an interesting hook. Watch out - many people do not tend to get the meaning of metaphors and similes from the first time, so it is better to add a description or explanation of what it means. Otherwise, you risk losing your audience instead of grabbing its attention. A good metaphor helps enrich one's speech and make the writing more powerful in terms of words.
As written by Dan Wakefield,
"I feel as much of a stud as... I can't come up with a metaphor. That's how lacking in studliness I am."
A simile is a literary tool often used as an essay hook. It also shows writer's ability to express feelings and ideas in many different, original ways rather than being straightforward all the time. To understand similes better, a student has to read a lot of plays, poems, song lyrics, and take part in everyday conversations.
The several examples below are helpful when writing your essay hook:
- "as cute as a puppy" (contrasting something to the adorableness of a puppy)
- "as busy as a bee" (describing very industrious people)
- "as snug as a bug in a rug" (meaning tucked up tight)
OTHER GREAT WAYS TO START YOUR SENTENCE
There are other ways to begin you writing such as stating a thesis and using statistics and numbers. You are the one to decide which option is the most effective. Don't forget to take the preparatory steps and figure out which kind of hook is the most beneficial.
Although we have added some great sentences which you can use as a topic hook, it is still not easy to grab attention to your story from the first essay's line. Thus, we would like you to remember there is an immediate solution to any academic writing problem in the shape of our website with services for high school, college, and university students. When you don't have time to type the whole paper or think of the relevant anecdote or scene to begin with, our writing services are always ready to help with your learning process. Order a custom essay or research paper with the most effective hooks you've ever seen!
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