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Pros And Cons Of Assimilation Essay

Is Multiculturalism Better Than Assimilation? Here's What's to Know

What is desirable for a modern society, unity in diversity, or a homogenous culture? Buzzle goes far beyond this debate, with a comparison between multiculturalism vs. assimilation, using the definition, examples, pros, and cons of each.
David Cameron (Prime Minister of UK), Angela Merkel (German Chancellor), and Nicolas Sarkozy (Ex-President of France) have all spoken in favor of assimilation, even calling multiculturalism a 'failure'.
Recent years have seen considerable debate on the immigration policies of many countries. The 9/11 attacks in USA and the 2005 bombings in London have focused attention on the growth of religious terrorism within their shores. One of the factors blamed in these attacks is the increasing isolation of certain immigrant groups from the mainstream. This has brought the public eye on how Western societies, which receive the most immigrant influx, interact with such foreign cultures. Two ways to approach this situation are, either to celebrate this cultural diversity, or to encourage all immigrants to adopt the host culture. This sums up the comparison between multiculturalism vs. assimilation, which is described below in more detail.
Multiculturalism believes in a healthy respect for all cultures, with no culture predominating over others.
Assimilation believes that, for a unified society, all minorities, such as immigrants, should adopt the dominant culture of a region, and leave their own traditions behind.
Multiculturalism rose in popularity only in the 1960s and '70s, with Canada being the first country to officially embark on this policy, and other countries like Australia and New Zealand following suit.
Historically, assimilation has been the dominant policy of America and Canada in their initial years, when the Natives were forced to adopt the customs, language, religion, and beliefs of the predominant European-American population. It was also followed by the European superpowers in their colonies in Africa and Asia.
Great Britain, New Zealand, Canada, and Australia are some nations who have adopted multiculturalism. Canada was the first country to pass a 'Multiculturalism Act' in 1988, which ensured the rights of citizenship to all residents, irrespective of their ethnic background.
Another example is British multiculturalism, which is a two-way process, in which immigrants are given considerable freedom in adapting to British society, while the host country also tries to adopt some elements from immigrant cultures, like food, clothing, and words from their language.
The United States, Netherlands, France, and several other European countries have been supporters of the assimilation doctrine.
The Netherlands requires immigrants to watch a video showing the Dutch way of life (including aspects like homosexuals, nude sunbathing, etc) so that they can adjust to this culture. Germany requires immigrants to undergo a mandatory, free, 200-hour training in the German language. The French policy of assimilation is popular, in that, it requires immigrants to leave their traditions behind while adopting the host culture, and the country has even banned women from publicly wearing the headscarf; a religious symbol of Muslims.
✔ All groups are free to follow their respective cultures (a tolerant society).
✔ A diverse society is less likely to indulge in racism and other discriminatory behavior.
✔ Minority groups are inspired to contribute to a society which respects their culture.
✔ It encourages a higher rate of immigration, thus providing a larger workforce.
✗ Multiculturalism may highlight the differences between groups, causing ethnic conflicts (such as the Sweden 2005 riots).
✗ It may lead to unfair stereotyping of different groups (such as labeling all people from the Middle East as Muslims).
✗ Critics argue that this policy prevents unity, since differences between cultures are encouraged.
✗ Governments and schools may need to spend more on translation services, since learning the host language is not compulsory for immigrants.
✔ Native societies may prosper, if they adapt the dominant culture's language and institutions, to improve their own economic position.
✔ Supporters of this doctrine believe that it leads to social integration of all groups, and increases patriotism.
✔ The economic success of the United States is touted as an example of this policy's effectiveness.
✗ The cultures of ethnic, religious, linguistic, or national minorities may not receive official recognition.
✗ This policy discriminates between cultures, regarding one as superior and others inferior. Natives are often regarded as savages.
✗ Such discrimination leads to social ills like racism and slavery.
✗ Discarding one's culture is not easy, and may cause a backlash if this process is enforced.
While many nations have adopted only one of these policies, their societies are most likely to have developed due to some elements from both. Surprisingly, in recent years, leaders of several Western nations have leaned in favor of assimilation, hoping to achieve an integrated society, and combat the rise in religious extremism.

The process of incorporation of individual from an ethnic, alternative group and immigrant cluster into the leading or central custom, the tradition of the communal is that they reside where the incorporated group loses portions or taken on features of the central culture is called assimilation. Apart from this, assimilation is also the procedure of socialization.

Assimilation is the procedure where individual of a cultural alternative group assimilate through adapting to the host region’s culture deciding to engage in the activities of host countries. Knowing the language of the host countries and even knowing about the right attire might seem trivial on the other hand are important for assimilating of adapting to the culture of a specific country. Understanding about the politics and history of one country are also great ideas for deciding to assimilation.

Assimilation on the other hand is the procedure of effortlessly becoming is a portion of something which already exists, enriching the personal life of the person which already exists and taking on the life. The connection is symbiotic, the whole elements contribute to each other and nourishing each element as well, this method of assimilation provides lots of advantages for everyone in the community, for people who come into this new rapport or connection and for people that have been in the country or community, whether for a number of years or several decades.

Pros of Assimilation

Spiritual and Relationship Strengthening: Assimilation or adopting leads to strengthening the relationship of the person. A lot, bring to a common misleading notion which new and latest believers should feed off that already exists.

Increased amount of individual in the labor force for performing jobs: Assimilation boosts the number of individuals in the labor force, thus result to doing the job easily and fast. This enhances the production and in return increase the gain and profit of the company.

Enhance Tourism: Assimilation also enhances tourism because people who have households try to have vacation in which host country.

Assimilation helps you to know the culture of the host country and allow you to grow as a person.

Cons of Assimilation

There is also drawback reported in the process of assimilation or adopting such as:
The Possibilities of Doing Unlawful Activities: Unemployed individual can take in selling prohibited drugs, drug trafficking, prostitution, robbery and other crime.

Possibility of Losing Your Identity: The definition behind adopting is not the passive melting pot factor, but instead you are made actively to lose your personal cultural individuality and embrace another. One of the greatest drawbacks of this procedure is that people lose the foundation of what molds him or her and a lot of things which make them exceptional as a diverse culture and individual groups.

The Possibility of Losing the Tradition: Simply because several times during adopting, individual start concentrating or attempting so hard or so much into adopting it and assimilating to the society or the environment which they start to lose their culture, tradition and identity.

Assimilation is indeed important to grow and to become familiar with another culture, but it also comes with a drawback such as losing your tradition and identity. So, prior to embarking this procedure you have to weigh the pros and cons of assimilation